What is Reverse Osmosis?
Water should be tasteless and odorless and is essential for life. All the crucial functions in our body stop without water. Impure water can cause serious problems both within our bodies and throughout our indoor home plumbing. From minor stomach disorders to life-threatening disease, contaminated water is the reason for several illnesses. Here in Port St. Lucie, our water is regulated by the city and continually checked for impurities that would make us sick. However, within the city water exist chemicals and trace amounts of toxins.
Many prefer to drink purified water, but how do you get pure water without continually buying it from the store? One of the most popular ways to get in-home pure water is using a reverse osmosis (RO) system. You might have heard the term but let’s dive into what it is and how a RO system can work for you!
What is reverse osmosis? Reverse osmosis is a modern water purification process that uses a semi-permeable membrane to separate pure water from impurities. You might be wondering how it works and whom to contact for installation and maintenance. Many companies are providing reverse osmosis RO services, but when it comes to water purification you should go with a trusted name.
Eastern Water and Health has been providing the most reliable reverse osmosis service in South Florida.
Everything You Need to Know About Reverse Osmosis RO
Reverse osmosis is a water filtration technology that uses a porous membrane to allow only pure water to pass, stopping impurities. Before you understand what is Reverse Osmosis, it’s crucial to understand what osmosis is. Osmosis is a process wherein a solvent passes through a membrane and mixes with the solution.
Let’s use an example to understand it better. Suppose pure water and salt solution are separated by a semipermeable membrane. Pure water is solvent here, and saltwater is the solution. When a membrane separates them, pure water passes through it and mixes with the solution.
In Reverse Osmosis, the opposite phenomenon happens. Here, external pressure is added to the impure water. The pure water then passes through the membrane leaving, straining out the unwanted material. The external pressure applied reverses the osmotic process.
Eastern Water and Health is a top provider of Reverse Osmosis Water System Installation in Port St. Lucie. Call today at 772-301-1767
Significant Differences Between Osmosis and Reverse Osmosis
As the name suggests, these processes are opposite to each other. Here are the major differences between osmosis and reverse osmosis.
- Osmosis is a natural process; it happens automatically. Reverse Osmosis is an artificial process, and external pressure is applied to make it happen.
- In Osmosis, the liquid flows from lower concentration to higher concentration through a membrane. Still, in reverse osmosis, the liquid flows from higher concentration (impure water) to lower concentration resulting in filtered water.
How Does a Reverse Osmosis System Work?
A reverse osmosis system uses a high-pressure pump that exerts more pressure than osmotic pressure. It results in the reverse of the natural osmosis process. The higher pressure on the side of impure water forces the water to pass through the semi-permeable RO membrane. This results in pure water on the other side, leaving the suspended particles and dissolved impurities behind. The pressure required depends on the amount of total dissolved solids, or TDS, in water. The more the TDS in impure water, the higher pressure must be applied for the reverse osmosis filtration process.
Effectiveness of Reverse Osmosis for Removing Impurities
At Eastern Water and Health, you can count on our RO system to remove more than 99% of the contaminants from water, making it healthy for drinking. We understand that proper installation of reverse osmosis systems is crucial to get optimum results. You have to hire the best company to ensure your RO system works correctly, and Eastern Water and Health is that company!
Types of Contaminants Reverse Osmosis System Remove
A reverse osmosis system removes almost every type of contaminant found within the city drinking water.
Reverse osmosis membrane prevents the passage of undissolved impurities like clay, sand, and vegetation of size between 1 – 10 µm. Although rare, these particles in large amounts can damage the RO membranes quickly. At Eastern Water and Health, we educate you about how often you need to change your RO filter to maintain amazing results!
Colloidal particles are the ones that are smaller than suspended particles (0.01 – 1.0µm) in size. These particles don’t settle at the bottom, so reverse osmosis RO is the best way to remove them.
Dissolved inorganic elements and compounds:
Metals and nonmetals react and form compounds like sulfates, nitrates, phosphates, chlorides, Silicates, etc. Water also contains traces of metals like calcium, magnesium, iron, arsenic, lead, etc. The RO system removes them to provide pure drinking water.
Microorganisms are the most dangerous contaminants present in water. The city of Port St Lucie continually tests for such impurities as they can cause several diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery if you consume them. This is why the city water management sometimes releases boil water notices. Bacteria, algae, and fungi are always found in impure water. Reverse osmosis removes these microorganisms effectively and provides you with filtered water.
Dissolved Organic Compounds:
Water can contain the decay of plants and animals, which can make it toxic. If these contaminants were present in your water system, the reverse osmosis membrane removes more than 95% of the traces from plants and animals and provides pure water.