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Things You Should Know About Well Water

If you get your drinking water from a private well, there are important things you need to understand about quality and safety. As a homeowner in Port St. Lucie relying on well water, you want to ensure it’s free from contaminants that could jeopardize your family’s health.

Eastern Water and Health understands the value of clean, safe water. We’ve served the Port St. Lucie community by testing wells, installing filtration systems, maintaining equipment, and educating homeowners. In this guide, we’ll address common questions about well water:

  • Potential contaminants like bacteria or nitrates
  • Necessary maintenance of your well system
  • Signs it’s time to consider treatment
  • Water filtration options available

Our goal is to give you peace of mind and protect your family. We’ll also highlight how our professionals can assist with any aspect of your well water needs. Let’s get started with some basic facts about testing, maintenance and contaminants every well owner should understand.

Common Contaminants and Your Health

While wells can provide clean, great-tasting water, certain contaminants can potentially leach into your supply. Let’s look at some of the most prevalent types and why they’re a concern for your family’s health:

  • Bacteria (total coliforms, E. coli) – Caused by surface water intrusion into wells. Can cause intestinal illness or in rare cases, kidney failure. Boil water advisories may be issued.
  • Nitrates – Often from fertilizers or septic systems. Above 10 ppm increases “blue baby syndrome” risks in infants under 6 months. Above 45 ppm is dangerous for everyone.
  • Arsenic – A naturally occurring element. Long-term exposure is linked to cancer even at low levels. The EPA limit is 10 parts per billion (ppb).
  • Radionuclides – Uranium, radium, and gross alpha emitters are naturally present in some areas. Can damage organs and increase cancer risk over decades of use.
  • VOCs (volatile organic chemicals) – May seep into wells from industrial pollution, dry cleaning businesses, and gas stations. 
  • Pesticides – Runoff from farms and lawns. Some are probable or possible carcinogens like atrazine and simazine.

While many contaminants have no taste or odour, long-term risks exist even at levels below regulations. Children are especially vulnerable to toxins that can impact development. Testing identifies issues before they cause health problems down the road. 

Give Your Family Cleaner, Healthier, Water

Maintaining Your Well System Properly

Taking good care of your well is just as important as testing the water quality it provides. Small problems left unchecked could potentially allow contaminants to enter over time. Some key maintenance tasks include:

  • Inspect the well cap and casing – Check that both are intact and sealed tightly to keep debris out. A broken seal is an easy entry point for contaminants.
  • Disinfect the well – Shock chlorination once or twice a year kills any bacteria hiding in the casing or plumbing lines. This is an inexpensive way to protect your water supply.
  • Inspect the pump – Make sure it’s running smoothly and not taking on excess heat, which could indicate issues. Has it been serviced every 5 years or so by a professional?
  • Check backflow prevention – If you have lawn irrigation or an outside spigot, backflow devices stop dirty water from flowing back into your well. Test them annually.
  • Maintain the pump pressure tank – Air tanks wear out every 10-15 years and may develop leaks. Replace as needed to avoid pump damage.
  • Monitor nearby activities – Keep potential contaminant sources like septic systems or drainage ditches at least 50 feet from your well. Notify neighbours of this safe distance too.

Proper maintenance is a low-effort way to prevent costly repairs or water quality problems down the road. Neglecting issues could also void the warranty on your pump equipment over time. Our technician can perform inspections, maintenance and repairs for your peace of mind. A little prevention goes a long way for the health of your family and bank account!

Rely On Eastern Water and Health For Proper Maintenance 

Point-of-Use Water Treatment Solutions

If your well water testing reveals contaminants that exceed guidelines, it’s time to consider treatment options. Eastern Water and Health provides a range of point-of-use systems tailored to specific contaminants. Some of the most effective methods include:

  • Reverse osmosis – RO removes over 95% of dissolved minerals like arsenic, lead, nitrates and more. It turns hard water into soft by forcing water molecules through a semipermeable membrane.
  • Activated carbon filtration – Great for removing pesticides, herbicides, VOCs and other organic chemicals. It adsorbs contaminants onto carbon particles.
  • Ion exchange – Works for nitrate removal by exchanging its ions for safer sodium ions. Softer-recharged resin is highly efficient.
  • Distillation – Produces very pure water by boiling and then condensing it. Removes all dissolved solids and most microbes but is an energy-intensive process.
  • Ultraviolet light – Uses UV-C light to damage microorganisms like giardia and cryptosporidium at the molecular level, preventing reproduction.

We’ll test your water and recommend the best-suited system based on the specific contaminants present. Look for models certified to meet the applicable NSF/ANSI standards. Installation is quick and hassle-free.

Point-of-use systems treat water where you need it – at the sink or water cooler instead of your entire home. This is more affordable than whole-house options for some homes. 

Contact us today to discuss treatment tailored to your needs!

Frequently Asked Questions

How often should I test my well water?

I recommend testing your well water every 1-2 years and any time anything changes near your property that could impact water quality. Catching issues early means avoiding bigger problems down the road.

What types of contaminants are commonly found in well water?

Some common ones include bacteria (yuck!), nitrates from fertilizers, arsenic which occurs naturally, and volatile organic chemicals from spills or dry cleaners. Our testing checks for these and more so you know what’s coming out of your tap!

What maintenance does my well system require?

Routine tasks like inspecting and disinfecting your well, checking pumps and filters, and maintaining a safe buffer around your well are all important. Small fixes now prevent expensive repairs later.

When do I need to treat my well water?

If your test results come back showing anything over guideline levels, it’s treatment time. We’ll recommend the best options based on the specific contaminants to clean up your H2O.

What are some water treatment options available for private wells?

Popular choices include reverse osmosis for heavy metals and salts, carbon filters for organics, and UV light for microbes. Give us a call to discuss which solution is best for your well water quality needs.

At Eastern Water and Health, we understand the importance of clean and safe water for your family’s health. Our dedicated team in Port St. Lucie is here to serve the community by testing wells, installing reliable filtration systems, providing equipment maintenance, and educating homeowners on the best practices for ensuring water quality. If you have any further questions or concerns about your well water, please don’t hesitate to contact us. Your health and satisfaction are our top priorities.

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